Analysis of Donne’s Parody of the Petrarchan Lady Dissertation

Donne's " Parody" in the Petrarchan Woman Author(s): Silvia Ruffo-Fiore Reviewed work(s): Resource: Comparative Literary works Studies, Volume. 9, No . 4 (Dec., 1972), pp. 392-406 Posted by: Penn State School Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40246080. Accessed: 19/02/2013 04: 17 Your make use of the JSTOR archive implies your acknowledgement of the Terms & Conditions of Use, offered at. http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp

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Donne's " Parody" of the Petrarchan Lady

SILVIA RUFFO-FIORE

FUZY The typical Petrarchan apotheosis with the lady mixes Neoplatonic idealiztion with faith based analogy. But, Petrarch's frequently humanized portrayal suggests that he did not totally accept the exalted watch of the girl. John Donne extends Petrarch's approach of probing the inadequacies of this ideal. Donne's method in " Womans Constancy, " " Communitie, " and " The Indifferent" undercuts the oversimplified view of innovative rise ? mutiny. A réévaluation of his parodie and satiric products traditionally thought as directed against Petrarchan absolutes helps a revised view of his realistic look and cynicism. Often Donne's speakers surfacely appear to ridicule Petrarchan ideals; but under the virtuosity in the cynical mask, possibly one among Donne's contributions to the Petrarchist tradition, a single speaker betrays his top secret affiliation together with the ideal, an additional wistfully wishes a return to it, whilst another with faulty reasoning undermines his seemingly sincere argument due to its demolishment. Donne's approach to Petrarch is unique, pertaining to he not accepts the best with Petrarchist imitation, neither does this individual deny it with satiric attack. While offering a speaker who appears to do one particular while truly doing the other, this individual satirizes the abuse with the ideal, redefining it within an enlarged variety of experience. (SRF)

The prominent characteristic of Petrarch'sCanzoniere can be constancy to the lady. His idealized idea of the lady nurtures his constancy in spite of the prospect of continued being rejected. Petrarch forms the details of his delight of Lauraon a scaffolding of fictional and personal myth. The innovative terms accustomed to define her birthplace, origin, and house combined with her exceptional beauty and ennobling influence every contribute to creating Laura'sapotheosized image. The place where the girl was born and lived is definitely described as a great arcadianparadise, as seen in the famous canzone " Chiare, fresche et dolci acque. " Often he pictures her in the open-air setting of grass, woods, and flowers- an earthly Eden. 1 Among the other phenomena of nature the girl with a stage show of supreme perfection. Petrarch perpetuates Laura'smythic quality by simply conveying her origin with the use of astrological symbolism. As " un spirto gentil di paradiso, " her 392

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PARODY DONNE'S

393

birth was combined with the appearance of good stars; in fact , she their self is a superstar on earth: BГ©nigne stelle che compagne fersi Al fortunato fiancho Quando '1 bel parto giu' nel umanit? scorse! Ch'e' stella in terra... (XXIX)2

In sonnets IX and CCXIX this individual portrays her as a child of the whole world and as a sun in her personal right. Petrarch'spraise of the woman's beauty blends Neoplatonic idealization and faith based analogy, just as sonnet CC. But sonnet CCXV provides the finest Petrarchanexpression...

Citations: of Petrarch 's Canzoniere make reference to Francesco Petrarca, Canzoniere, impotence. Gianfranco Contini and Daniele Ponchiroli (Torino, 1968). three or more. For additional information about the relationship of Petrarch to the Provençal, Sicilian, and Tuscan love schools, see Mariâteresa Cattaneo, Francesco Petrarca e la lirica d 'arte del '200, (Torino, 1964), pp. v-xvi; Baldo Curato, Introduzione a Petrarca (Cremona, 1963), pp. 174-241; Gianfranco Contini, " Preliminari sulla lingua de Petrarca, " Francesco Petrarca, Canzoniere (Torino, 1968), pp. vii-xxxviii; Carlo Calcaterra, " II Petrarca e elle petrarchismo, " Questioni elizabeth correnti pada storia votre tier aria (Milano, 1968), p. 172. 4. Frederick Goldin, The Mirror of Narcissus (Ithaca, 1967), g. 14. five. Calcattera points out that the attribute quality of Petrarch is contribution to literary history, a quality his successors might attempt to copy, is his dramatization of love as a issue between fact and ideal, " 2 Petrarca e il petrarchismo, " l. 200. It really is in the extendable and development of this essentially Petrarchan quality that Apporte makes a significant contribution to the Petrarchist custom. 6. Goldin, Mirror of Narcissus, p. 82. six. See The Poems of John Donne, male impotence. Herbert J. C. Grierson (Oxford, 1912), II, xi-xii, as one case. 8. Observe Patricia Pinka, " The Voices in John Apporte 's Music and Sonets, " unpubl. diss., University or college of Pittsburgh (June, 1969), pp. 155-157, for a discourse on Donne 's " Dreaming Cynics. " 9. Douglas L. Peterson, The English Lyric Coming from Wyatt to Donne (Princeton, 1967), s. 297. twelve. Goldin, Reflection of Narcissus, p. 87. 11. Intestinal Kernan, The Cankered Day job: Satire of the English Renaissance (New Destination, 1959), l. 250. doze. Gilbert Highet, The Anatomy of Epigramme (Princeton, 1962), p. twelve. 13. Clay Hunt, Donne 's Poetry (New Haven, 1962), pp. 2-3 and p. six. 14. Highet, A mhh to my own of Satire, p. a hundred and five.

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